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B90 Low Impedance Bus Differential System
The Multilin™ B95Plus Bus Protection System is the ideal solution for one of the biggest challenges for large bus protection: the time and cost involved in the design, installation and commissioning of the field wiring between measurements from the switchyard and the bus relay in the control room. The HardFiber Brick, the environmentally hardened distributed bay unit of the B95Plus , directly reduces the time and costs involved in field wiring in both the short term and the long term.

b95plus
Save time and money in the short term with flexible mounting options for the bay unit. The compact size and rugged design of the HardFiber Brick bay unit allows installation anywhere: outdoors in the switchyard, in equipment cabinets or in the control room. All data signals are converted to digital signals per the IEC 61850 standard and communicated over a single fiber optic cable, making the best location for installation next to the primary signal source, virtually eliminating all field wiring.
Key Benefits

Reduce field wiring costs by replacing multiple copper wires and terminations with a fiber optic cable

Save installation costs by mounting the bay unit in harsh environments without requiring specialized enclosures

Increase savings by connecting other relays to the same process bus bay unit

Protect six three-phase differential zones with one central device

Applications

Reconfigurable multi-section bus bar with up to 24 feeders

Retrofit and greenfield installations for power generation, transmission and distribution systems

Reconfigurable bus bars for single bus, breaker-and-a-half and double bus with and without bus couplers

Air-insulated and GIS stations


  Field Wiring
  We Solve the Field Wiring Challenge with the B95Plus
The Multilin B95Plus Bus Protection System changes the focus of bus protection to that of application by replacing most of the field wiring with distributed I/O and fiber optic cables. The protection system consists of a distributed process interface (data acquisition and tripping) architecture using HardFiber Bricks as bay units, with centralized processing performed by the B95Plus . All copper field wiring is between primary equipment in the switchyard and Bricks, which ideally should be located at the primary equipment in the switchyard. Fiber optic cables connect Bricks to the B95Plus . For all applications, the installation is then identical: the physical interface consists of Bricks connected to a fiber optic cable. A single B95Plus is mounted in a relay cabinet, with the process cards in the unit patched to the fiber optic cables coming from the Bricks.
D60 Block Diagram
  Hardware
   
 
B95Plus Unit
The B95Plus unit is the heart of the system. This unit performs all processing functionality, including protection functions, metering, monitoring, FlexLogic and SCADA communications.

Simplifies use through a Graphical User Interface (GUI) that includes configurable single line diagrams for bus sources, local control and status indication of breakers and disconnects, 20 programmable pushbuttons, and a configurable digital alarm annunciator

Connects up to 8 Bricks for each process card while, supporting up to 12 bus sources per card

Supports 2 process cards per unit, for a total of 16 Bricks and 24 bus sources

Provides identical connections and installation for all bus configurations

 
HardFiber Brick as Bay Unit

Measurement and control for primary apparatus, including AC measurements (4 currents and 4 voltages, or 8 currents) and contact I/O (18 digital inputs and 7 digital outputs including a latching relay)

Simple device with no field configuration or configuration settings

Environmentally hardened for outdoor mounting in switchyards

Connectorized cables for simple, tools-free field installation and removal

IEC 61850 message formats for communications, including sampled value messaging for currents and voltages

 
Cables
The HardFiber Brick uses connectorized cables to interface with primary equipment and with system measurements, and to interface to the B95Plus itself. The cables at the Brick end uses an IP67 certified industry standard connector designed for rugged environments. These connectors screw onto the Brick for a simple, tools-free connection. Three of the cables are copper cables used to acquire AC measurements, acquire equipment status, and provide equipment control. The fourth cable provides the fiber interface to the B95Plus central unit as well as DC power to the Brick. These cables therefore can become standard parts, manufactured in advance of installation by any cable manufacturer. These cables are also directly available from GE Digital Energy.

  Protection
  The B95Plus system provides robust and reliable protection for all bus protection applications. Highlights of the protection functions related to bus protection include:

Multi-zone differential protection with both restrained (dual-slope percent or biased) and unrestrained (unbiased or instantaneous) functions incorporated.

Differential protection is fast (typical response time: 1 power system cycle) and secure. Security is achieved by using a fast and reliable CT saturation detection algorithm and a phase comparison operating principle. Security is further enhanced by support for redundant process interface units (Bricks). Supports both three-phase tripping and individual phase tripping.

Dynamic bus replica functionality and multi-zone protection (up to 6 zones) is supported allowing application of the B95Plus to multi-section reconfigurable buses. A zone expansion/contraction to an open breaker feature is included. Isolator position monitoring for up to 48 isolators.

Check-zone functionality configured by programming one of the differential zones to enclose the entire bus.

Additional bus protection functions including end fault protection, breaker fail and overcurrent protection for each bus source, CT trouble monitoring for each bus zone.


 


  Applications
 
Standardize on the B95Plus for Any Bus Configuration
The B95Plus can be applied on a multitude of bus configurations due to the distributed architecture, and includes support for up to 6 zones of bus differential protection and support for up to 24 bus sources. The physical connection and wiring architecture for the B95Plus system will be identical for any bus configuration: Bricks installed to acquire measurements and equipment status, with the B95Plus unit connected to Bricks via fiber optic cables. The relay panel design will be identical for all applications, for all bus configurations. The only difference from application to application is the number and location of Bricks, and the programming of the B95Plus unit.

Some typical bus configurations that can be protected by the B95Plus:





  Process Bus
 
Quickly Expand Protection through Process Bus
The B95Plus Bus Protection System is intended to operate as a standalone, distributed bus protection system. The bay units for this system are Bricks, part of the HardFiber IEC 61850 process bus solution. Once the Bricks for the B95Plus are installed process bus data is available for use for any other zone of protection. The Bricks, then, are a distributed I/O interface for all protection functions and zones, not just the B95Plus. With the B95Plus in place, installing line protection or feeder protection is a simple process: mount the relays in a panel, and patch to the fiber optic cable from the appropriate Bricks. The only requirement is the relays must implement the appropriate IEC 61850 datasets to interface successfully with the Bricks. All members of the Universal Relay family have the ability to interface with Bricks.



  Specifications